Consult a doctor immediately and report the incident to the local health district (203-227-9571) and animal control officer (203-222-2642). Because the rabies virus is carried in saliva, the wound should be washed thoroughly with soap and water. This decreases the chance of infection. If possible, the animal should be captured for testing. The Veterinary Medical Association suggests trapping the animal under a large box, but do not try to handle it. Because the testing procedure for rabies involves dissecting the brain, the animal must be euthanized in order to be tested.

Once rabies has been contracted, it is nearly always fatal. (There has been only one known survivor.) However, prophylactic treatment in the form of a series of injections is available for people who have been exposed to the virus. The procedure involves administering a dose of immunoglobulin, followed by a vaccination. This is succeeded by a series of four injections given in a 28-day period after the initial treatment.